Guerrilla Raid on Talisayan

22 March 1945

One of the most unusual guerrilla operations in the Philippines during World War II was the guerrilla raid on Talisayan, Misamis Oriental, which was conducted with the assistance of the US Navy to eliminate and wipe out the Japanese garrisoned at this key objective.

Amphibious in nature, the operation involved guerrilla units of the 110th Infantry Regiment, 110th Division, 10th Military District (Mindanao), United States Forces in the Philippines (USFIP) with an original strength of 200 men but which rose to 350 when a call for volunteers was issued.… Continue reading... “Guerrilla Raid on Talisayan”

Guerrilla Submarines in Northern Mindanao during World War II

During World War II, US Navy submarines helped supply Filipino and American guerrillas with arms, ammunition and supplies, also ferrying personnel in and out of the islands.

Known as the SPYRON (for Spy Squadron) Operation, it supported the Filipino and American Guerrillas resistance to the Japanese occupation after the Philippines fell to the Japanese Imperial Forces in early 1942.… Continue reading... “Guerrilla Submarines in Northern Mindanao during World War II”

Filipino Cinchona a key to Allied Victory in the Pacific during World War II

The Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park in Bukidnon is an ASEAN Heritage Park that holds a special place in the history and heritage of World War II.

With a total land area of 47,270 hectares, it is located in northern Mindanao in the province of Bukidnon in Region 10. Mount Kitanglad is one of five peaks in the Kitanglad Mountain Range with an elevation of 2,899 meters above sea level.… Continue reading... “Filipino Cinchona a key to Allied Victory in the Pacific during World War II”

President Manuel L. Quezon’s Escape to Australia

Secrets and Stories of the War

The Philippine government had moved from Manila on General Douglas MacArthur’s recommendation, with President Manuel L. Quezon himself continuing to lead the government from Corregidor in cooperation with the U.S. commander of the Far East.

Quezon had originally declined MacArthur’s request to withdraw from the capital, claiming that his first duty was to take care of the civilian population and maintain public order while MacArthur was fighting the enemy.… Continue reading... “President Manuel L. Quezon’s Escape to Australia”

US fliers bomb Cagayan 16 times in six months during World War II

From September 9, 1944 to March 10, 1945, US Army Air Force, Navy and Marine aircraft bombed Cagayan, Misamis and its immediate areas no less than sixteen times in a span of six months.

Why the apparent rural backwater that Cagayan was during the Second World War would merit such dedication from the rampaging US armed forces prior to the imminent liberation of the Philippines is not immediately clear.… Continue reading... “US fliers bomb Cagayan 16 times in six months during World War II”

Guerrillas Liberate Cagayan, Misamis during World War II

May 12, 1945 is cited in history as the liberation from the Japanese Empire during World War II of what was then known as Cagayan, Misamis (or Cagayan de Misamis to older folks).

Unfortunately, for all the 70-odd years that Cagayan de Oro City (as Cagayan was henceforth known after it became a chartered city on June 15, 1950) has enjoyed its freedom from oppression, this occasion has never been recognized nor celebrated by the local government.… Continue reading... “Guerrillas Liberate Cagayan, Misamis during World War II”

The Last Days of Lt. John P. Burns

21st Pursuit Squadron, Dalirig Airstrip, Bukidnon

Lt. Burns was a fighter pilot with the 21st pursuit squadron based in Del Monte, Bukidnon.  The events of his life in Mindanao were recorded by Lt. Burns in a leather bound diary.  How the diary ended up in the hands of the Burns family turned out to be a story in itself.
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General Douglas MacArthur’s iconic “Philippine Field Marshal’s Cap”

Kagay-anon World War II History 101

Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon officially conferred the title of Field Marshal on General Douglas MacArthur in a ceremony at Malacañan Palace on August 24, 1936. He was presented at that time with a gold baton and a unique uniform.

General Douglas MacArthur, wearing his trademark Philippine Army Field Marshal’s cap, as he appeared on the cover of TIME Magazine in Apr 1951, the month he was relieved of command of all UN forces in Korea.
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The Macajalar Bay Landing and the Liberation of Mindanao

It’s ironic how some 75 years later, many Kagay-anons are still unaware that it was their own compatriots who liberated Cagayan, Misamis on 12 May 1945 and not the Americans.

So while we still enjoy a modicum of attention following the recent 75thAnniversary of Cagayan’s Liberation (albeit a muted one at that) let’s take a look back at how things were unfolding at that time and how come guerrillas, rather than American soldiers, liberated the town from the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).… Continue reading... “The Macajalar Bay Landing and the Liberation of Mindanao”

How Philippine Mahogany helped win the War for the Allies

Actually, we’re paraphrasing US President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s remarks in a 1964 interview with author Stephen E. Ambrose when he said, “Andrew Higgins is the man who won the war for us.”

But first, to recall the serendipity which brought us to Andrew Higgins. As a group of friends dedicated to putting Cagayan de Oro City on the world map of World War II history for the small but significant role it played in General Douglas MacArthur’s Breakout from Corregidor to Australia on March 11-17, 1942, we were all fascinated by the PT Boats that brought the general, his family and general staff safely through the Imperial Japanese Navy blockade.… Continue reading... “How Philippine Mahogany helped win the War for the Allies”